Richness and Habitat Relationships of Forest Birds in the Zeen Oak Woodland, Northeastern Algeria

Menaa, M., Maazi, M. C., Telailia, S., Saheb, M., Boutabia, L., Chafrour, A. & Houhamdi, M. (2016). Richness and Habitat Relationships of Forest Birds in the Zeen Oak Woodland (Forest of Boumezrane, Souk-Ahras), Northeastern Algeria. Pakistan J. Zool. 48: 1059–1069.
PDF in ResearchGate

Abstract:

Boumezrane’s forest is a significant center for biodiversity. Since last year the forest is facing destruction and degradation. Although the forest is recognized as an important area for avian diversity, it has never received ornithological attention. Many studies have been conducted on the relationship of birds with habitat features, however their associations are not completely understood. Hence we need information on the relationship between occurrence of birds and structural components of zeen oak habitats. We examined relative bird abundance by using the point count method and its relationship to environmental descriptors. A total of 68 visits of 39 bird species were recorded in the zeen oak stands. Avian species richness at each point count ranged between four and 14 species. The most dominant families in number of pairs are Paridae (121 pairs), Turdidae (115.5 pairs), Sylviidae (57.5 pairs), Picidae (55.5 pairs), and Fringillidae (43.5 pairs). They cater for more than 70% of the total abundance of the entire community. Using principal component analysis and canonical correspondence analysis methods, we determined that the size of trees with the height of shrub layer is an important criterion for differentiation of the avifauna of Boumezrane. The second criterion is the volume of tree stratum.

Forest of Boumezrane / Forêt de Boumezrane, Souk-Ahras, Northeastern Algeria

Forest of Boumezrane / Forêt de Boumezrane, Souk-Ahras, Northeastern Algeria (photo by Zakaria 09, Wikimedia Commons)

Nesting habitat requirements of two species of North African woodpeckers in native oak forest

Touihri, M., Villard, M.-A., & Charfi-Cheikhrouha, F. 2015. Nesting habitat requirements of two species of North African woodpeckers in native oak forest. Bird Study 62(3): 386–393.  doi: 10.1080/00063657.2015.1049511
PDF in ResearchGate.net

Short abstract:

Capsule: Nests of Levaillant’s Woodpecker Picus vaillantii and Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major were associated with higher densities of snags and downed wood than foraging locations.

Conclusion: Both Levaillant’s and Great Spotted Woodpecker showed high requirements for large-diameter trees and snags, which provide substrates for both nesting and foraging. Nesting habitat requirements may not always be higher than those associated with foraging, but the fact that they were for the Great Spotted Woodpecker calls for caution when planning for woodpecker conservation.

Levaillant's Woodpecker (Picus vaillantii), Oukaimeden, Morocco

Levaillant’s Woodpecker (Picus vaillantii), Oukaimeden, Morocco (Francesco Veronesi, Wikipedia)